India and Pakistan have a long and complicated history of political and diplomatic relations. Both countries have had their fair share of disagreements and tensions, but over the years, they have also managed to sign several agreements to improve their relationship and cooperation.
Here is a list of some significant agreements signed between India and Pakistan:
1. Simla Agreement (1972) – The Simla Agreement is perhaps the most well-known agreement signed between India and Pakistan. It aimed to create lasting peace and friendship between the two countries following the 1971 war. Under the agreement, both countries agreed to resolve all issues through peaceful means and to respect each other`s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
2. Lahore Declaration (1999) – The Lahore Declaration was signed by Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in 1999. It aimed to improve bilateral relations and to reduce tensions between the two countries. The declaration pledged to intensify exchanges between the two countries in all areas, including trade, culture, and tourism.
3. Tashkent Declaration (1966) – The Tashkent Declaration was signed following the 1965 war between India and Pakistan. It aimed to bring an end to hostilities and to establish lasting peace between the two countries. Under the declaration, both countries agreed to withdraw all armed forces to their pre-war positions and to return all prisoners of war.
4. Agra Summit (2001) – The Agra Summit was a meeting between Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf. The summit aimed to improve bilateral relations and to find ways to resolve the Kashmir issue. However, the talks ended without any significant breakthrough.
5. Delhi-Lahore Bus Service Agreement (1999) – The Delhi-Lahore Bus Service Agreement was signed in 1999, and it aimed to promote people-to-people contact between the two countries. Under the agreement, a bus service was started between Delhi and Lahore, allowing people to travel between the two cities without the need for a visa.
In conclusion, the agreements signed between India and Pakistan reflect their efforts to improve their relations and reduce tensions. Although there have been setbacks, such as the breakdown of the Agra Summit, both countries have continued to engage with each other through diplomatic channels. It is hoped that future agreements will lead to lasting peace and friendship between the two countries.